Short Expedition

Świny Castle

Built from brown-red conglomerate and first documented in the year 1108, this fortress remained under the ownership of the Schweinichen family until 1713. It is not only the oldest non-ducal fortress in Poland but, with its expanse of over 300 rooms, also one of the largest.

The Legacy Of Świny Castle

A Fortress Through Time

The first recorded mention of Świny Castle dates back to 1108 in the chronicle of Kosmas, named Zvini in Polonia. Subsequently, it appeared in a document by Pope Hadrian IV as the castellan stronghold of Zpini. By 1244, it was cited as the abode of Jaksa, the castellan of Svyn. The castle's strategic significance waned in the late 13th century with the rise of newer fortifications, yet it transitioned into noble hands, marking a new chapter in its storied existence.

In the 13th century, Świny was owned by notable figures such as Tader in 1230, Jaksa in 1242, and Piotr ze Świn in 1248 or Hainricus 1323 who made a name for himself as the first Silesian Crusader.

The castle eventually passed to the knightly Świnków (von Schweinichen) family in the early 14th century, who inhabited and fortified it until the 18th century. Mid-14th century saw the construction of a formidable four-story residential and defensive tower with 2.5-meter-thick walls, a testament to the era's architectural ingenuity and the family's determination to defend their dominion.

Renaissance Transformation and Mystical Gatherings

The 17th century heralded a transformative era for Świny Castle under Johann Sigismund von Schweinichen. The castle evolved into a Renaissance-style residence, attracting mystics, alchemists, and Rosicrucians. Johann Sigismund established a theosophical circle and created a library rich in mystic and theosophical texts. The castle became a beacon of intellectual and spiritual inquiry, hosting figures like the mystic Jakob Boehme, who penned significant works within its walls.

Architectural Evolution and Decline

Over centuries, Świny Castle underwent numerous renovations, expanding its fortifications and residential areas. The addition of a rectangular palace, new defensive walls adapted for firearms, and a moat marked its architectural maturity. However, the castle's decline began in the 18th century following looting by Russian troops and subsequent neglect. Attempts at preservation were made in the early 20th century, yet it was not until the late 1950s that archaeological efforts revealed more of its past, including the existence of an early medieval settlement on its grounds.

Your Trip to Świny Castle

After changing hands multiple times and suffering from natural disasters and wars, Świny Castle remains a captivating ruin, embodying the spirit of an era where knights, mystics, and nobles walked its halls. Its story is not just one of architectural might but of the intellectual and spiritual pursuits that flourished within its walls.

If you visit the ruins, it's recommended to take advantage of your stay by also exploring other castles in the vicinity. They are just a few kilometers away, such as Bolków Castle.


43 km

Drive time:

60 min 


min. 3-4 h 

Castle/Palace, Hiking & Biking, Ruin

New Expeditions

Short Expedition

Książ Castle

Książ castle, also known as Fürstenstein, is one of the largest castles in Poland, dominating the landscape above the town of Wałbrzych in Lower Silesia. Its impressive history, dating back to the 13th century, as well as its architecture, make it a fascinating site for visitors from all around the world.

Read more

Lodge Activity

Discover Silesia

Lower Silesia, a region in southwestern Poland, is where architecture, history, and nature converge into a unique blend offering an extraordinary experience. And The Oak Lodge is your perfect gateway to discover all the adventures and wonders it has to offer.

Read more

Short Expedition

Lwówek Śląski

Lwówek Śląski, formerly known as Löwenberg, was first documented in 1217 as “Lewenberc” and established as part of the first clearing settlements carried out by Duke Henry I in the 13th century. As one of the oldest towns in the region, it provides insight into the complex history of Silesia.

Read more

Arrangements & Packages 

We want every stay to be a unique and wonderful experience. That's why we regularly offer changing arrangements and packages to make your visit  even more memorable. The offerings vary depending on season, holidays, or special occasions, ensuring there's always something new.

Book Now

Stay at

The Lodge

The Oak Lodge

Outdoor Adventure Lodge

The Valley

Nature & Wilderness

Little Oak

Individual Holiday Homes